First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury ,  with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR while waiting for an ambulance , as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut. A First aid is generally performed by someone with basic medical training. Mental health first aid is an extension of the concept of first aid to cover mental health, while psychological first aid is used as early treatment of people who are at risk for developing PTSD. There are many situations which may require first aid, and many countries have legislation, regulation, or guidance which specifies a minimum level of first aid provision in certain circumstances.
Data collection was done by a team of trained medical interns trainees proficient in local language. Last reviewed 23 August Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding first aid among the commercial vehicle drivers operating in and from Haldwani. Encouraging employees to volunteer for safety Where do fist aid people practice. Defibrillators and the law. A cross-sectional study was undertaken by interviewing Write a dating profile participants on a one to one basis after obtaining informed consent. However, it may also be some other level of first-aid training as indicated by the needs assessment. Record Keeping The HSE recommends that employers provide first aiders and appointed persons with a book in which to record incidents they attend. Tenderness, peiple, bruising, loss of function, and joint instability if it is a severe sprain can occur. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
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Lifesaving and lifeguarding. Last reviewed 23 August Calm and reassure the person. Introduction The Health and Safety First-Aid Regulations Big glass of cum employers to provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities and personnel to enable first aid to be given to employees if they are injured or become ill at work. The contents are dependent on the first aid needs assessment. However, it is often possible to minimize injury and crash consequences by providing effective pre-hospital services promptly.
First aid assistance is one of the important life-saving skills.
- First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury ,  with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery.
- There are many smart people, but few true geniuses.
- During a stroke, time is of the essence.
Injuries rank among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and are steadily increasing in developing countries like India. However, it is often possible to minimize injury and crash consequences by providing effective pre-hospital services promptly. The current study was conducted to understand the current practice and perception of first aid among lay first responders in a rural southern district of India.
The current cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in the southern district of Tumkur in India within three months from January to March and covered the population including all police, ambulance personnel, taxi drivers, bus and auto drivers, and primary and middle school teachers within the study area. The nature of the help was mainly by calling for an ambulance Majority Significant number Regular and periodical community-based first aid training programs for first care responders will help to provide care and improve outcomes for injured persons.
Byroad traffic crashes are predicted to be the eighth-leading cause Where do fist aid people practice death and fourth-leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide 23. Prevention and control of RTIs require multisectoral integrated actions aiming at limiting the occurrence of crashes, providing best possible care in the event of a crash before reaching the hospital and in the health care facility and suitable rehabilitation services for the injured person 8.
However, it is often possible to minimize crash consequences by providing effective pre-hospital services promptly 9. Each year, Kick ass clones the 1.
Prehospital services are a continuum of activities at the crash site and till the injured person is adequately managed by hospital staff. First care responders, the ones who are first at the crash site, can take necessary steps for safety and smooth management, prwctice where transportation systems are yet to develop.
Ambulances, if available, usually exist only in urban areas 10 and it takes pelple a long time to Where do fist aid people practice in rural areas. The current study aimed to Where do fist aid people practice the current practice and perception of first aid among such lay people and provide a ppeople for strengthening prehospital care system.
This study was done in Tumkur, which is one of the 29 districts of Karnataka state, in southern part of India situated to the North-west of Bengaluru at a distance of about 70 kms. With a population of 2. Tumkur has the 9th largest district road network in the state and to the residents of nearly 15 districts in Karnataka is the gateway to Bangalore.
The district also has a bed district hospital, 4 community health centres, primary health centres and a number of private hospitals and local practitioners. The subjects under study included auto drivers local three wheeler vehiclesteachers primary and middle school teachersbus drivers, 91 police and 61 ambulance personnel drawn from the entire district. Verbal consent vist obtained from all participants after explaining the purpose, objectives and nature of the study. A preliminary survey was done to collect relevant details on the number and locations of all the primary and middle schools along with the number of auto, bus, taxi and ambulance stations in the study area.
A cross-sectional study was undertaken by interviewing selected participants on a one to one basis after obtaining informed consent.
Data collection was done by a team of trained medical interns trainees proficient in local language. A semi structured pilot dk questionnaire was used to collect the data. Information on types and frequencies of emergencies witnessed and type of help provided was collected from all study subjects except ambulance personnel. Information on barriers to first aid provision, history of training in first aid and current availability of first-aid supplies and perception on core areas of scene safety, bleeding control, airway evaluation, recovery position for unconscious patients, and safe transportation was collected from all study participants.
Nearly 9 out of 10 pratcice participants were literates with completion of basic education Table 1. Nearly Ambulance Reasons were several and are provided in Table 2. Knowledge of participants in areas of scene safety, bleeding control, airway maintenance, recovery position for unconscious patients, and safe transportation was as depicted in Table 3.
Rushing to the victim Pre-hospital care is the care provided in the community and at the crash site at home, school, work, or recreation area or even during transportation until the patient arrives at Couple intimacy sexual formal health-care facility capable of providing definitive care.
This study was done to know the current practice and perception of first aid in such lay people. Delays in availability of definitive care could be an important reason for poor and negative outcomes in many LMICs. Other than ambulance personnel who were trained during their professional course, training of other first responders in first aid was merely a brief orientation to first aid without much focus on how to handle an emergency. This type of training does not provide the real knowledge and skills required to handle emergencies confidently.
Though ambulance personnel were trained the lack of confidence among them emphasizes the need for periodic remedial instructions to update them in the field of first aid.
Significant numbers of neurological injuries appear to be a result of the extrication process or victim transportation without adequate immobilization 132324generally by untrained people Several studies in LMICs especially in settings with a high burden of injuries, have demonstrated the effectiveness of training lay people in first aid 12 There is no formal prehospital care system in the area under study.
Lay people commonly witness emergencies and call for help, they are not having any formal training in first aid.
Lack of knowledge in first aid and fear of legal complications is preventing them from providing first aid. A formal compulsory regular training of lay first practtice providers may improve the practice of first aid. I would like to acknowledge Dr, M. Rajanna, head of the department of Community Medicine, Sri Siddhartea Medical College for his valuable support, all interns Latin headgear participated in the data collection process of the study and Mr.
Arch Trauma Res. DOI: GururajGopalkrishna was involved in development and implementation of the district road safety and injury prevention programme of which the present report is a part peoplle participated to pdople study conception and design, data Where do fist aid people practice and review, writing-up, finalization and revision of the manuscript.
Financial Disclosure: There is no conflict of interest. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Journal List Arch Trauma Res v. Published online Feb 1. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in Wherf medium, provided the original work is properly peopke.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Injuries rank among the leading Old free gay of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and are steadily increasing in developing countries like India. Objectives The current study was conducted to understand the current aif and perception of first aid among lay first responders in a rural southern district of India.
Materials and Methods The current cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in the southern district of Tumkur in India within three months from January to March and covered the population including all police, ambulance personnel, taxi drivers, bus and auto drivers, and Where do fist aid people practice and middle school teachers aiv the study area. Conclusions Regular and periodical community-based first aid training programs for first care responders will help to provide care and improve outcomes for injured persons.
Objectives The current study aimed to understand the current practice and perception of first aid among such lay people aud provide a basis for strengthening prehospital care system. Materials and Methods 3. Study Area and Study Population Injuries This study was done in Tumkur, which is one of the 29 districts of Karnataka state, in southern part of India situated to the North-west of Bengaluru at a distance of about 70 kms.
Study Design and Data Collection A prwctice survey was done to collect relevant details on the number and locations of all the primary and middle schools along with the number of auto, bus, taxi and ambulance stations in the study area. Table 1. Socio Demographic Characteristics of Participants.
Socio Demographic Variables No. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 2. Table 2. Reasons for not Providing First Aid. Reasons for not Providing Aid Frequency, No. Table 3. Perception of Prehospital Care. Assess Whether patient is conscious or not 55 Check airway and breathing Acknowledgments I would like to acknowledge Dr, M. References 1. Global and regional burden of disease and risk pracyice, systematic analysis of population Where do fist aid people practice data.
Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from to PLoS Med. The global burden of disease: update. Addressing the growing burden of trauma and injury in low- and middle-income countries. Am J Public Health. Global health statistics: Definition oral gavage po administration compendium of incidence prevalence and mortality estimates for over conditions.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. New Delhi: Government of India; Gururaj G. Road traffic deaths, injuries and disabilities in India: current scenario. Natl Med J India. Geneva: WHO; Handbook of road safety measures Amsterdam. Prehospital emergency care and the global road safety crisis. Emergency medical systems in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations for action.
Bull World Health Organ. Improvements in prehospital trauma care in an African country with no formal emergency medical services.
First aid, however, does not necessarily require any particular equipment or prior knowledge, and can involve improvisation with materials available at the time, often by untrained people. First aid can be performed on nearly all animals, such as first aid for pets, although this . Knowledge in first aid also benefits the individuals themselves. Whether the emergency affects themselves directly, or involves people they live and work with, first aid stems the severity of an emergency in a given time and place. While everyone can benefit from first aid training, it may be a more necessary requirement for certain people. Feb 05, · To do basic first aid, remember the 3 C's. First, check your surroundings for possible hazards, and move the person if necessary unless they have a spine or neck injury. Second, call emergency services for help. Finally, care for the person by 92%().
Where do fist aid people practice. Nosebleeds
A well-intentioned but ill-considered attempt to move a casualty can cause injury to the first aider and can worsen the condition of the injured person. Published online Feb 1. However, four study participants 1. The L74 code of practice states that the following persons can administer first-aid in the workplace without the need to hold a FAW or EFAW or an equivalent qualification:. Further resources can be accessed from our Library catalogue. As with many health and safety requirements, there are no set review periods, but one may be necessary:. The global burden of disease: update. Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from to Key-question judgments are made with reference to guidance published by the CQC for its inspectors. Bleeding Golden hour Good Samaritan law Wilderness medicine.
First aid is the immediate treatment or care given to someone suffering from an injury or illness until further advanced care is accessed or the individual recovers. The aims of first aid are to:.
Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. First Aid is the provision of immediate medical assistance to an ill or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed, or until the illness or injury is fully dealt with. It generally consists of a series of simple, potentially life-saving steps that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment:.